Thursday, November 03, 2005

safe ocean swimming

This article is mainly talking about the issue of New York City beaches. Two New York City beaches were
closed because of high bacteria levels. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) figured out that “ there is not a strong
statistical relationship between the amount of fecal coli form and the likelihood of people getting sick, while enterococcus is a good predictor of illnesses in all waters. Gastroenteritis, an irritation and inflammation of the digestive tract, is the most common illness associated with swimming in waters with high levels of enterrococcus.” The National Parks service and the clean water project at the National Resource Defense council are changing their policy to require EPA standard.
Nobody wants to swim in the beaches, which have abundant bacteria and viral illness. It is our responsibility to clean our beaches and to keep them clean.
First, the key to dealing with the problem we face is recognizing that it is an individual matter. We should be aware of the fact that we destroyed our environment and it is our duty to clean it. Most people think that somebody will clean the environment but avoiding one’s responsibility will not solve the problems. We need to understand the connection, which is everything is connected to and intermingled with everything, is most important for sustaining life on the earth.
Second, if you understand the concept of individual responsibility then you need to put into the action. For example, when you go to the beach you clean up what you mass up. This action seems to be easy but only few of us doing it. In this case, people do not fully understand the concept of individual responsibility.
In conclusion, the author only talks about New York City but these problems are all over the world. It is better to do it late than never do it.

Benanti. D. A. (2005, Sep 8). Testing the quality of beaches. Retrieved from Lexis-Nexis database, OCT. 31, 2005.

Tuesday, October 25, 2005

Working with the earth

Yoon, Jaeho
Summary response

Working with the earth

This article is about what caused high temperature and what will happen afterwards in New York. The burning of coal and oil produces many of gases which affect harm to the ozone layer. Because of the melting of mountain glaciers and the polar ice caps, the sea level has been increasing globally. As a result of global warming and urban heat-island effect, the temperature has gotten higher than in the 19th century in New York. If the high temperature keeps rising, it would cause a lot of disease; for example, malaria and other infectious diseases carried by mosquitoes, reducing lung capacity, and respiratory disease such as asthma.
In my opinion of this article, we must try to make our world a sustainable society. We have dilemmas in economic growth and environmental harm.
First of all, most economists and investors argue that we need to have unlimited economic growth to create jobs, clean up the environment, and help reduce poverty. They think when economic growth gets to the highest level, science can solve the environmental problem. I wonder about whether the environmental problem will get sp bad that we cannot solve the problem.
On the other hand some economists and environmentalists insist that economic systems rely on unlimited natural resources (solar energy and etc.), and they need to try to reduce the use of substances which cause the environmental problem. However, I wonder: about if people die from poverty and starvation, then how can environment save us?
In conclusion, I think we need to care not only about economics but also about the environment.
We can find what will happen after we keep destroying the environment in this article. They only show us the example of New York City but it is not only their problem, it is also our problem. We should have a global-mind, so that we could meet the qualifications of both of them. Lastly, I think one way of solving the problem is we can make the society a low-waste society so that we can fulfill the satisfaction of both economists and environmentalists.


Whate, A. (1999, Aug. 17). Hot nights in the city: New York City’s environmental future.
Retrieved October 10, 2005, from: